INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYLLABUS CXC Education

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CAPE Units including Caribbean Studies and Communication Studies For the CAPE diploma and the CAPE Associate Degree candidates must complete the cluster of required Units within a maximum period of five years Recognised educational institutions presenting candidates for CAPE Associate Degree in one of the nine categories must on registering these candidates at the start of the qualifying

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Published by the Caribbean Examinations Council, All rights reserved No part of this publication may be reproduced stored in a retrieval system or. transmitted in any form or by any means electronic photocopying recording or otherwise without. prior permission of the author or publisher, Correspondence related to the syllabus should be addressed to. The Pro Registrar,Caribbean Examinations Council,Caenwood Centre. 37 Arnold Road Kingston 5 Jamaica W I,Telephone 876 630 5200. Facsimile Number 876 967 4972,E mail address cxcwzo cxc org.
Website www cxc org,Copyright 2008 by Caribbean Examinations Council. The Garrison St Michael BB11158 Barbados,CXC A4 U2 08. RATIONALE 1,SKILLS AND ABILITIES TO BE ASSESSED 2,PRE REQUISITES OF THE SYLLABUS 3. STRUCTURE OF THE SYLLABUS 4,UNIT 1 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY THEORY. MODULE 1 FUNDAMENTALS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 5,MODULE 2 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS 9.
MODULE 3 INFORMATION AND PROBLEM SOLVING 13,UNIT 2 APPLICATION AND IMPLICATION. MODULE 1 INFORMATION MANAGEMENT 16,MODULE 2 USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY TOOLS 19. MODULE 3 SOCIAL ORGANIZATIONAL AND PERSONAL ISSUES 22. OUTLINE OF ASSESSMENT 25,REGULATIONS FOR PRIVATE CANDIDATES 31. REGULATIONS FOR RESIT CANDIDATES 31,ASSESSMENT GRID 32. GLOSSARY 34,CXC A4 U2 08, This document CXC A4 U2 08 replaces CXC A4 U1 01 issued in 2001.
Please note that the syllabus was revised and amendments are indicated by italics. First Issued 1998,Revised 2001,Revised 2008,Revised 2013. Please check the website www cxc org for updates on CXC s syllabuses. CXC A4 U2 08,Introduction, T he Caribbean Advanced Proficiency Examination CAPE is designed to provide certification. of the academic vocational and technical achievement of students in the Caribbean who. having completed a minimum of five years of secondary education wish to further their. studies The examinations address the skills and knowledge acquired by students under a flexible. and articulated system where subjects are organised in 1 Unit or 2 Unit courses with each Unit. containing three Modules Subjects examined under CAPE may be studied concurrently or singly. The Caribbean Examinations Council offers three types of certification The first is the award of a. certificate showing each CAPE Unit completed The second is the CAPE diploma awarded to. candidates who have satisfactorily completed at least six Units including Caribbean Studies The third is. the CAPE Associate Degree awarded for the satisfactory completion of a prescribed cluster of seven. CAPE Units including Caribbean Studies and Communication Studies For the CAPE diploma and the. CAPE Associate Degree candidates must complete the cluster of required Units within a maximum. period of five years, Recognised educational institutions presenting candidates for CAPE Associate Degree in one of the nine. categories must on registering these candidates at the start of the qualifying year have them confirm in. the required form the Associate Degree they wish to be awarded Candidates will not be awarded any. possible alternatives for which they did not apply. CXC A4 U2 08,Information Technology, The Information Technology Syllabus for the Caribbean Advanced Proficiency Examination CAPE reflects. the belief that Information Technology is essential to the economic and social development of the region. The widespread use of Information Technology the tools and techniques for inputting processing storing. outputting transmitting and receiving information which was made possible because of improvements in. computer and telecommunications technology has significantly changed society A large proportion of. business transactions is now performed over computer networks The Internet and multimedia computers have. had a significant impact on the ways in which people work learn communicate conduct business and on the ways they. seek entertainment The increased integration of computer and telecommunications technology has led to an increased. globalisation of the world economy Moreover as the world becomes familiar with the potential of Information. Technology people are beginning to realise that many problems and situations which were hitherto thought. of as primarily involving physical activities in fact rely for their solution on the ready availability of relevant. information, In order for the Caribbean to participate in and contribute to this new world it is essential that Caribbean.
people become familiar with this technology This not only implies that we must know how to use the. technology from a purely technical point of view but also means that we must be conscious of the impact of. Information Technology In particular we must be made aware that the appropriate use of Information. Technology can help solve the problems that we are facing in their daily lives whether they be of an. economic social or personal nature and that Information Technology provides opportunities for economic. development as well as for further integration of the region However the increased use of Information. Technology also raises a number of ethical legal and political issues ranging from questions concerning. privacy of information about individuals to intellectual property rights. The introduction of Information Technology without careful consideration often worsens a problem rather. than solves it Any decision to turn to Information Technology must therefore be preceded by a critical. analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the proposed solution In addition Information Technology has. made access to information and misinformation far easier It is therefore crucial that anyone before using. any information first critically evaluate its reliability. Given the preceding a student who completes this syllabus will be empowered to satisfy the criteria for the Ideal. Caribbean Person as articulated by the CARICOM Heads of Government Such a student according to the UNESCO. Pillars of Learning will also learn to know to be to do and to live with others thus transforming self and society. CXC A4 U2 08 1,The syllabus aims to, 1 develop an awareness of the importance of information in the solution of many problems. 2 develop a critical attitude to gathering processing and evaluating information. 3 develop a broad understanding of hardware software networks databases and information systems and. their uses, 4 sensitise students to the use of Information Technology in conducting and living their daily lives. 5 develop an awareness of the power and pitfalls of Information Technology. 6 develop an awareness of the ethical legal and political considerations associated with information. technology, 7 assist students in solving real life problems using the tools and techniques of the computer and. computer related technologies, 8 encourage students to use information sources and services to retrieve interpret and. communicate information, 9 develop a positive attitude to new and emerging technologies in Information Technology.
SKILLS AND ABILITIES TO BE ASSESSED, The skills that students are expected to have developed on completion of this syllabus have been grouped. under three headings,1 Knowledge and Comprehension. 2 Application and Analysis,3 Synthesis and Evaluation. Knowledge and Comprehension,The ability to, recall and grasp the meaning of basic facts concepts and principles of Information. Technology, identify real life problems for which Information Technology solutions are appropriate and.
beneficial,CXC A4 U2 08 2,Application and Analysis. The ability to, use facts concepts principles and procedures in unfamiliar situations. identify and recognise the relationships between the various components of Information. Technology and their impact on society, recognise the limitations and assumptions of data gathered in an attempt to solve a problem. Synthesis and Evaluation,The ability to, make reasoned judgements and recommendations based on the value of ideas and information. and their implications, use the computer and computer based tools to solve problems.
justify and apply appropriate techniques to the principles of problem solving. PRE REQUISITES OF THE SYLLABUS, Any person with a good grasp of the Caribbean Secondary Education Certificate CSEC Information. Technology Syllabus or its equivalent should be able to pursue the course of study defined by this syllabus. However successful participation in the course of study will also depend on the possession of good verbal. and written communication skills,CXC A4 U2 08 3,STRUCTURE OF THE SYLLABUS. This syllabus is arranged into TWO Units each made up of three Modules Whilst each Module in each Unit is. independent together they form a coherent course of study which should prepare candidates for the world of work and. studies at the tertiary level,UNIT 1 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY THEORY. Module 1 Fundamentals of Information Technology,Module 2 Information Technology Systems. Module 3 Information and Problem Solving,UNIT 2 APPLICATION AND IMPLICATION.
Module 1 Information Management, Module 2 Use of Information Technology Tools Module 3. Social Organizational and Personal Issues, In order to be successful students should spend at least 50 hours of the 150 hours per Unit in a computer lab or on a. computer at home or in the workplace,CXC A4 U2 08 4. UNIT 1 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY THEORY,MODULE 1 FUNDAMENTALS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY. GENERAL OBJECTIVES,On completion of this Module students should.
1 develop an understanding of how Information Technology IT relates to other disciplines in Computing. 2 develop an understanding and appreciation of data and information and the distinction between them. 3 develop an understanding of the nature and sources of information. 4 develop an understanding and appreciation of Information Technology and its history. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES CONTENT,Students should be able to. 1 explain the concept of Information Definition and scope of Information Technology. Technology application of tools for informational purposes. 2 describe the relationship between Computing Computer Science Software Engineering Computer. Information Technology and other Engineering and Information Systems commonalities and. disciplines in Computing differences between disciplines. 3 explain the characteristics of data and Definition of terms examples. information Data include unprocessed unorganised and discrete in. separate unrelated chunks qualitative opinion based. subjective or quantitative measurement based objective. detailed or sampled, Information including distortion disguise reliability. inconsistency incomprehensibility subject to interpretation. value relevance confidentiality timeliness completeness. security shareability availability lifespan information as a. commodity format and medium Nature and structure of. information strategic tactical operational structured semi. structured and unstructured,CXC A4 U2 08 5, MODULE 1 FUNDAMENTALS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY cont d. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES CONTENT,Students should be able to. 4 distinguish among data Differences among data information and knowledge. information and knowledge, 5 explain information processing Definition of information processing input process output.
process manual versus automated information processing. components of manual information processing collect collate. analyze present and disseminate components of automated. information processing input data capture or entry process. for example analyze sort calculate store retrieve output. present and disseminate transmit data and information. Interrelationship between data and information through. information processing,Types of manual and automated information systems. 6 discuss the importance of data and Use of information in decision making data quality. information appropriateness of data Nature and structure of. information strategic tactical operational structured semi. structured and unstructured, 7 identify ways of representing data and Data including character string numeric aural for. information example Morse Code musical notes visual for example the. individual frames of a movie fingerprints musical symbols. Information including text graphics sound video,special purpose notations mathematical scientific. and musical notations graphical representations graphs. and charts tables, 8 discuss various types of Types of information sources including books. information sources journals catalogs magazines newspapers online. libraries CD ROMs DVDs electronic databases web sites. people blogs wikis advantages disadvantages of information. CXC A4 U2 08 6, MODULE 1 FUNDAMENTALS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY cont d.
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES CONTENT,Students should be able to. 9 identify characteristics of information Include availability cost currency of information amount of. sources detail depth breadth of coverage reliability format and. 10 identify tools used in the entry Examples of hardware software and communication tools. retrieval processing storage Tools associated with the Internet including on line services. presentation transmission and search engines Usenet Internet Relay Chat IRC telnet ftp. dissemination of information newsgroups message board mailing list Internet telephony. 11 Justify the tools used in Information Hardware software and communication tool used in the. Technology entry retrieval processing storage presentation transmission. and dissemination of information advantages and,disadvantages. 12 outline the history of Information Brief history of computer hardware and software Internet and. Technology telecommunications categories by size cost and processing. 13 explain the meaning of terms related Transmission media channels receivers senders modulation. to telecommunication bandwidth telecommuting,Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities. To facilitate students attainment of the objectives of this Module teachers are advised to engage students in the teaching. and learning activities listed below,1 Use the Internet to source relevant material. 2 Compile a glossary of terms using the Internet computer magazines textbooks and other information. sources This could form the basis of an in class discussion. 3 Develop and use diagrams to represent the concepts and relationships contained in the Specific. Objectives, 4 Invite resource persons with experience in the innovative use of Information Technology in fields such.
as business and entertainment to speak on relevant issues. 5 Develop manual filing system and compare functions such as retrieval and sorting with. automated information system,CXC A4 U2 08 7, MODULE 1 FUNDAMENTALS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY cont d. Daley B Computers are your Future New Jersey Pearson Prentice. Heathcote P A Level Computing Letts London Letts 2005. Long L and Long N Computers Information Technology in Perspective. New Jersey Prentice Hall 2004, Parson J and Oja D Computer Concepts New York International. Thompson Publishing Company 2007, Shelly G Cashman T and Vermaat M Discovering Computers New York International. Thompson Publishing Company 2008,CXC A4 U2 08 8,MODULE 2 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS. GENERAL OBJECTIVES,On completion of this Module students should.
1 develop an understanding of the components of Information Technology Systems. 2 develop an appreciation for human computer interaction HCI. 3 develop an awareness of security measures associated with information technology systems. 4 develop an awareness of the structure of the World Wide Web and its standards and protocols. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES CONTENT,Students should be able to. 1 describe Information Technology Definition types of Information Technology Systems examples. 2 identify the components of an Hardware software network users end users and IT. Information Technology System professionals definitions and examples. 3 describe the purpose and functions Purpose functions and types of hardware including input output. of hardware components storage processor and peripheral devices definitions and examples. interaction between hardware components, 4 describe the purpose and functions Purpose functions and types of software including application system. of software components operating systems language translators and utilities proprietary. versus open source software information systems including embedded. systems monitoring and control systems data processing systems. management information systems decision support systems executive. information systems expert systems data warehouses definitions and. examples major input and output from each type of information. system such as data information processed transactions reports. including detailed summarised exception ad hoc, 5 explain the various stages of the Including feasibility study analysis design development. system development life cycle implementation review deliverables output of each stage including. SDLC and software engineering system proposal project plan various diagrams and charts. information system software test plans conversion plans. documentation including user and technical manuals. CXC A4 U2 08 9,MODULE 2 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS cont d. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES CONTENT,Students should be able to.
6 discuss the tools used in the Including questionnaires interviews observation review investigation. different stages of the SDLC of printed material ER diagrams data flow diagrams process. models object models decision tables and trees computer aided. software engineering CASE tools GHANT charts prototypes. flowcharts pseudocode programming languages, 7 describe the purpose and functions Purpose functions and types of networks including local area. of network components network LAN wide area network WAN metropolitan area. network MAN virtual private network VPN Internet Intranet. Extranet configuration topologies transmission media wired versus. wireless fibre optic Unshielded Twisted Pair UTP hotspots. protocols definitions and examples network security firewalls. 8 explain the roles of users Inclusion of IT professionals end users expert users. novice users definitions and examples, 9 compare the various features Features including speed efficiency portability maintainability. associated with the components of storage transmission. Information Technology Systems, 10 describe the interrelationship Relationship between the components hardware software. between the components in an network user,Information Technology System. 11 describe different types of HCI Types of HCI including forms menu command line natural. language graphical user interface GUI speech and direct. manipulation, 12 distinguish between different Types of HCI including forms menu command line natural.
types of HCI language graphical user interface GUI speech and direct. manipulation, 13 describe ways in which a user s For example age education differently abled and cultural. characteristics require adaptation of differences non visual interfaces sensors accessibility features. a user interface to increase differences,effectiveness.

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