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FOREWORD 1 We are pleased to announce thanks due to the Almighty Allah for his guidance the publication of a complete English translation of the first volume of the Arabic book
ABDULL H IBN SABA,Other Myths,as Sayyid Murtad al Askar. Translated by,M J Muqaddas,First edition 1398 1978. Second edition 1404 1984,Copyright reserved,Published by. World Organization for Islamic Services,P O Box No 11165 1545. Tehran IRAN,In the Name of All h,The All compassionate The All merciful. Praise belongs to All h the Lord of all being,the All compassionate the All merciful. the Master of the Day of Judgement,Thee only we serve and to Thee alone we pray. for succour,Guide us in the straight path,the path of those whom Thou hast blessed. not of those against whom Thou art wrathful,nor of those who are astray. O All h send your blessings to the head of,your messengers and the last of. your prophets,Muhammad and his pure and cleansed progeny. Also send your blessings to all your,prophets and envoys. 1 We are pleased to announce thanks due to the Almighty. Allah for his guidance the publication of a complete. English translation of the first volume of the Arabic. book entitled Abdull h ibn Saba and Other Myths, written by the great scholar as Sayyid Murtad a al. Askari Brother Jaw d Muqqadas undertook the trans, 2 The research in this book centres around those historical. narrations compiled by Sayf ibn Umar al Tam m al, Usayyid who lived in the second century after Hijrah. These narrations are to be found in his books covering. the early Islamic events, The contents of the two volumes of the book Abdull h. ibn Saba merely represent one part of a series dealing. with Sayf ibn Umar s narrations stories and quotations. The second book in the series One Hundred and Fifty. Fictitious Companions of the Prophet has also been. published in Arabic and also consists of two volumes. 3 In this book the author begins by describing both the. Saba iyyah legend and its originator Saif ibn Umar. Further he throws some light on the narrations and. the researchers who relied on such forgery in their. historical and ideological research The opinions of the. great scholars of Islam about the inauthenticity and the. unreliability of Sayf ibn Umar are also given, 4 The author elaborated on the evaluation of Sayf s. narrations which cover events that took place between. 11 A H and 40 A H cf at T abar s History In his, critical evaluation he plotted the suspicious movements. of this strange personality indicating those areas where. Sayf fabricated fictitious ah d th traditions stories. and events Not only that but the author points out the. role of this character in distorting deforming and. annulment of great Islamic events such events being of. great significance in the structure of the Islamic history. The timing of the events in question coincided with that. very critical period of the four Caliphs It is not an. exaggeration to consider Sayf as being one of the most. characters who wilfully endeavoured to and succeeded. in distorting the early Islamic history, The author started his research and critical evaluation by. considering the very first narration of Sayf namely the. event of the sickness and death of the Holy Prophet. peace be upon him and his family and the events that. took place at Saq fah during which Abu Bakr was,chosen as the Caliph The events that took place. between Saq fah and the eventful assassination of Im m. Ali are very well documented and critically analysed. The last narration by Sayf as documented by at T abar is. in fact the martyrdom of Im m Ali peace be upon, 5 This is a brief resume of the researches in the two. volumes of the book The first volume covered the,majority of the researches in question The second. volume yet to be translated completes the researches. and additionally has conclusive remarks and some, afterthoughts pertaining to many of the researches in the. first volume In the second volume the author elaborates. a great deal on the Saba iyyah legend, 6 The Saba iyyah legend as explained in the introduction. of the book can be summarised thus, A Yemenite Jew from S an declared his Islam at the. time of Uthm n He wilfully associated himself with. Muslims and travelled in their cities and towns Sham. Damascus Kufa Basrah Egypt propagating among, Muslims that Prophet Muhammad p b u h a h f will be. resurrected like Jesus p b u h It is the origin of the. idea of resurrection in Islam He further taught that. Ali p bu h is Muhammad s vicegerent since every,prophet had a vicegerent Moreover Ali is the last. vicegerent in the same way that Muhammad p b u, h a h f was the last prophet This is how the belief in. Im mah or vicegerency has started Moreover he, taught that Uthm n assumed the caliphate illegally and. thus violated Ali s rights and hence Uthm n should be. revolted against in order to restore the rights of Im m. Ali and this is the basis for the concept of the violation. of Khil fah D,The fictitious Abdull h ibn Saba was also given a. nickname the son of the negro slave It was claimed that. the historical events stretching from Uthm n s time till. the assassination of Im m Ali p b u h were influenced. directly or indirectly by this Jew as you will read in the. text of this book, 7 Naturally then the book has been entitled Abdull h. ibn Saba and Other Legendary Figures or Myths, since this heresy a fabrication and forgery by Sayf. has been used destructively more so than any other. heresy Besides the wilful exploitation of such a heresy. some people could have used it with good faith but. without bothering to authenticate the narrators, Ideological studies indicate that a lot of people opposing. the Sh ah School of Thought a lot of whom being, enemies of Islam anyway justify their enmity on this. obvious heresy which they would exploit rather exces. sively to back up their attack on the Sh ahs which. approach resembles very much the approach adopted by. Sayf ibn Umar himself, 8 We will refrain from introducing either the author or the. translator Suffice it to say that the reader himself would. be able to appreciate the great analytical ability of the. author from the contents of the book itself Comparison. of the English and Arabic versions of the introduction. would undoubtedly reveal the competency of the,translator. 9 As far as our involvement is concerned we have been. able through Allah s grace and conciliation to con. tribute towards the propagation of Islam We have,published a number of books and pamphlets dealing. with the true original ideological and judicial aspect of. Islam Through the literature published by our, organization we have managed to rectify some false. notions about Islam This book is yet another pub, lication that conforms with our basic aims and concepts. It is no wonder then that we have endeavoured to, translate it and print the English version accordingly. Again the aim of such endeavour is merely to seek, Allah s blessings His forgiveness His bounties and. His pleasure in this World and in the World to come. WORLD ORGANIZATION FOR ISLAMIC,Board of Writing Translation and. Publication,1st November 1977,18th Dhil qe da 1397.