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Enclosure design Animals Visitors Staff Enrichment and Enclosure Design Trail Enrichment aims to stimulate animals both mentally and physically whilst preserving
1 HUMBOLDT PENGUIN,Humboldt penguins are named after the Humboldt. Current which runs past the coasts of Chile and Peru. where these birds live,a What natural behaviours might you expect to see. from a penguin,Swimming waddling hopping etc, b How has the penguin enclosure been designed to enable penguins to exhibit. these behaviours,Pool to swim rocks to hop across, c How has this exhibit been designed to enable good viewing opportunities for. Large underwater viewing window and relatively low wall provides visitors with a. good view of the penguins,2 WESTERN BLACK AND WHITE COLOBUS MONKEY. Western black and white colobus monkeys come from,rainforest habitats. a What apparatus can see in the colobus monkey,Various poles and ropes. b What natural behaviours does this equipment help stimulate. Swinging climbing jumping, In the wild research has shown that giraffes often eat from acacia trees Acacia. trees are thorny To protect their tongues from these thorns as well as to help. with digestion giraffes produce a lot of saliva, a What food can you see for the giraffes in the giraffe house. Lucerne looks like hay possibly some pellets May also have some browse. leafy branches,We cannot provide giraffe with trees to eat. from at Marwell since they would quickly strip,the trees bare However giraffe still produce a. lot of saliva that they need to use get rid of,To help with this sometimes the keepers hang. browse leafy branches up for the giraffes to, b Can you see any browse in the enclosure today Why do you think the. keepers hang browse up high, To stimulate the giraffes natural feeding behaviour and to provide them with. a way to use up some of their excess saliva Hanging the browse up high. means the giraffes need to use their long necks and tilt their heads to reach. the browse as they would in the wild at the same time as having to use their. long tongues to wrap around the leaves and pull them off. Browse isn t always available especially in the winter Therefore keepers may. hang up food filled plastic bottles with holes in the side like the one in the. c This is a very unnatural object for the giraffe,but it can still promote natural behaviour. Giraffes still have to stretch their long necks up. and angle their heads to reach the bottle,They then have to use their long tongues to. grasp around and pull the food out of the,bottle Therefore the giraffes natural feeding. behaviour is promoted through an unnatural, In order to provide the giraffe with this enrichment and their food the keepers. need to be able to safely access their enclosure, d What feature of the giraffe house allows the keepers safe access. Elevated walkway to top up feeding rack hang enrichment devices. 4 AMUR LEOPARD,The Amur leopard enclosure has also been. designed to meet the needs of our leopards visitors. a In the box below draw a sketch of the Amur leopard. b Enrichment for Amur leopards, Platforms to climb on and provide leopards with a place that they can. view their territory from, Logs and rocks for leopards to scent mark to mark their territory. Hidden areas so that the leopards can choose to move out of sight if they. c Features for visitors, Glass windows enable visitors to get close to leopards safely. Raised windows on walkway provide visitors with an elevated view of the. leopards and their enclosure, Safety barrier around the parts of the enclosure that are meshed to reduce. the risk of visitors getting too close to the leopards putting their fingers in the. b Annotate the features that provide enrichment for our Amur leopards and. explain what natural behaviours this enrichment promotes eg den to. shelter in, c Annotate the features of the Amur leopard enclosure that enhance visitor. experience as well as those features that help to keep guests safe eg wire. mesh roof so leopards can t climb out,5 MEERKATS, The keepers scatter the meerkats insect feed around their enclosure and place. some of the bugs into the crevices of logs and rocks. a Why do you think the keepers feed the,meerkats in this way. In the wild meerkats forage for their food in,the sand looking for insects and small rodents. By scattering the food so that some of it ends,up buried this encourages the meerkats to use. their senses and to forage to find it promoting,this natural behaviour. 6 AFRICAN VALLEY,This paddock contains a mix of different species. a Look at the species in the paddock as well,as using the ID signs to list all the species. that share this paddock,Grevy s zebra, b Why do you think it is possible to allow these species to mix. They are non conflict species not predators prey to one another Allowing. these species to mix creates a more natural environment as they would. encounter other non conflict species in the wild,At Marwell we are involved in reintroducing. some species For example we have successfully,reintroduced scimitar horned oryx into protected. reserves in Tunisia with the hope of one day,releasing them into the wild. c Why do you think allowing species such as those in the African Valley to. mix is important for reintroduction programmes, So these animals are used to encountering other non conflict species as once. returned to the wild this is something they will experience and need to be. prepared for We want the animals to be able to display natural behaviours. around other non conflict species,7 AMUR TIGER, Amur tigers are mostly found in south eastern Russia and northern China The. Amur River runs through the range of these tigers,a Why do you think pools are provided. in the tiger enclosure Try to give 2,Amur tigers would naturally come. across water in the wild in the form of the,Amur River. To provide the tigers with an exercise,opportunity since tigers love to swim. To provide the tigers with somewhere to,cool off in the summer. Bathing in the water helps to keep their,skin clean. b Platforms are provided for the tigers within their enclosure Why do you think. it is important for the tigers to have these, To provide a lookout post for them to see their territory. Provides an area to sleep rest bask on,Stimulates climbing behaviour. The higher position when they are at their most vulnerable eg when eating. provides security, At Marwell our cats including the tigers have a starve day twice a week. b Why do you think our tigers are not fed every day. In the wild they would not get the chance to find prey everyday. Fossas like many other animals at Marwell are provided with dens to rest and. shelter in,a Which two of the five freedoms listed in. the introduction do you think this is,important for. Freedom from discomfort provides,somewhere comfortable to rest. Freedom from fear and distress provides,somewhere to go out of sight if don t wish. to be on show to the public, a Sometimes a hessian sack containing scents of herbs and spices is hung from. the ceiling of the enclosure Why do you think this type of enrichment is. important for a territorial carnivore, Stimulates their olfactory senses sense of smell these are important to. carnivores as they spend a lot of time smelling and marking their territory. 9 SIAMANG GIBBON, a Many of the ropes in this enclosure move and swing. around Why do you think they have been designed,to do this. To simulate natural branches which are not fixed in. one position but swing about thereby enabling the,gibbons to improve their co ordination and muscle. tone whilst swinging, b Sometimes the gibbons are given feeding balls What natural behaviour does. this stimulate, Foraging and mental activity as they have to work out how to get to the food. provides mental stimulation,10 SOUTHERN WHITE RHINO. The rhino enclosure doesn t contain lots of apparatus such as poles and ropes. a Why would it be inappropriate to,supply this type of enrichment for. Rhinos are not adapted for climbing,since they are grazers. b The rhino enclosure largely consists,of a large open paddock Why is this. suitable enrichment for rhinos, Provides a large area for the rhinos to graze in and move around. c Some additional enrichment is provided in the form of mud wallows in the. rhinos paddock What natural behaviour does this promote. Rolling in the mud, d Why do you think it is important to promote this natural behaviour. The mud cleanses the rhinos skin removes ectoparasites parasites that live on. the outside of their host and helps to prevent sunburn. 11 SNOW LEOPARD, Wild snow leopards are found in the Himalayan mountains. a What would you expect conditions in,the Himalayan mountains to be like. Cold rocky snowy narrow ledges etc, b How is this habitat simulated in the snow leopard enclosure. Lots of rocks caves narrow ledges,c What natural behaviours does this promote. Climbing and balancing,Sometimes the snow leopards. as well as some of our other,cats are given a sack feed. whereby there meat is,wrapped in a hessian sack and. hung up in their enclosure,Although this is not the same as. hunting their own prey it would,be unethical to put a live prey. species in with the snow,leopards it does stimulate. some of the same natural,behaviours, d What natural behaviours do you think are stimulated through providing the. snow leopards with food in this way, Snow leopards need to use their muscles to pull the sack down just like they. would their prey in the wild They then need to rip the sack open which is like. ripping through the skin of their prey The hessian sack also acts like a dental. floss keeping their teeth healthy in the same way the fur of their prey would. Enrichment and enclosure,design trail,1 Humboldt penguin. 2 Colobus monkey 7 Amur tiger,3 Giraffe 8 Fossa,4 Amur leopard 9 Siamang gibbon. 5 Meerkat 10 Southern white rhino,6 African Valley 11 Snow leopard.