Report CopyRight/DMCA Form For : English Grammar In Use Fifth Edition
978 1 316 63174 4 Redman English Vocabulary in Use pre int and int Cover C M Y K REDMAN 978 0 521 14989 1 ENGLISH VOCABULARY IN USE Pre intermediate amp intermediate with answers amp CD ROM C M Y K Bete Learnin is our sim le ap roach where deeperinsights help shape richer content that drives stronger esults Discover more cambri e o be e lea nin
ENGLISH,GRAMMAR, IN USE,A self study reference and. practice book for intermediate,learners of English. with answers,Fifth Edition, Raymond Murphy, University Printing House Cambridge CB2 8BS United Kingdom. One Liberty Plaza 20th Floor New York NY 10006 USA. 477 Williamstown Road Port Melbourne VIC 3207 Australia. 314 321 3rd Floor Plot 3 Splendor Forum Jasola District Centre New Delhi 110025 India. 79 Anson Road 06 04 06 Singapore 079906, Cambridge University Press is part of the University of Cambridge . It furthers the University s mission by disseminating knowledge in the pursuit of. education learning and research at the highest international levels of excellence . www cambridge org, Information on this title www cambridge org 9781108457651. Cambridge University Press 1985 1994 2004 2012 2019. This publication is in copyright Subject to statutory exception. and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements . no reproduction of any part may take place without the written. permission of Cambridge University Press ,First published 1985. Second edition 1994,Third edition 2004,Fourth edition 2012. Fifth edition 2019,20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2. Printed in Malaysia by Vivar Printing, A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library. ISBN 978 1 108 45765 1 Student s Book with answers. ISBN 978 1 108 58662 7 Student s Book with answers and ebook. ISBN 978 1 108 45768 2 Student s Book without answers. ISBN 978 1 108 45771 2 Interactive ebook,ISBN 978 1 108 45773 6 Supplementary Exercises. Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy. of URLs for external or third party internet websites referred to in this publication . and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is or will remain . accurate or appropriate Information regarding prices travel timetables and other. factual information given in this work is correct at the time of first printing but. Cambridge University Press does not guarantee the accuracy of such information. thereafter , Contents,Thanks vii,To the student viii. To the teacher x,Present and past, 1 Present continuous I am doing . 2 Present simple I do , 3 Present continuous and present simple 1 I am doing and I do . 4 Present continuous and present simple 2 I am doing and I do . 5 Past simple I did , 6 Past continuous I was doing . Present perfect and past, 7 Present perfect 1 I have done . 8 Present perfect 2 I have done , 9 Present perfect continuous I have been doing . 10 Present perfect continuous and simple I have been doing and I have done . 11 how long have you been ,12 for and since when and how long . 13 Present perfect and past 1 I have done and I did . 14 Present perfect and past 2 I have done and I did . 15 Past perfect I had done ,16 Past perfect continuous I had been doing . 17 have and have got,18 used to do ,Future,19 Present tenses I am doing I do for the future. 20 I m going to do ,21 will and shall 1,22 will and shall 2. 23 I will and I m going to,24 will be doing and will have done. 25 when I do and when I ve done if and when,Modals. 26 can could and be able to,27 could do and could have done . 28 must and can t,29 may and might 1,30 may and might 2. 31 have to and must,32 must mustn t needn t,33 should 1. 34 should 2,35 I d better it s time ,36 would, 37 can could would you etc Requests offers permission and invitations . IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH UNITS YOU NEED TO STUDY USE THE STUDY GUIDE ON PAGE 326 iii. if and wish, 38 if I do and if I did , 39 if I knew I wish I knew . 40 if I had known I wish I had known , 41 wish, Passive. 42 Passive 1 is done was done , 43 Passive 2 be done been done being done . 44 Passive 3, 45 it is said that he is said to he is supposed to . 46 have something done, Reported speech, 47 Reported speech 1 he said that . 48 Reported speech 2, Questions and auxiliary verbs. 49 Questions 1, 50 Questions 2 do you know where he asked me where . 51 Auxiliary verbs have do can etc I think so I hope so etc . 52 Question tags do you isn t it etc , ing and to . 53 Verb ing enjoy doing stop doing etc , 54 Verb to decide to forget to etc . 55 Verb object to I want you to , 56 Verb ing or to 1 remember regret etc . 57 Verb ing or to 2 try need help , 58 Verb ing or to 3 like would like etc . 59 prefer and would rather, 60 Preposition in for about etc ing. 61 be get used to I m used to , 62 Verb preposition ing succeed in ing insist on ing etc . 63 there s no point in ing it s worth ing etc , 64 to for and so that . 65 Adjective to , 66 to afraid to do and preposition ing afraid of ing . 67 see somebody do and see somebody doing, 68 ing clauses He hurt his knee playing football . Articles and nouns, 69 Countable and uncountable 1. 70 Countable and uncountable 2, 71 Countable nouns with a an and some. 72 a an and the, 73 the 1, 74 the 2 school the school etc . 75 the 3 children the children , 76 the 4 the giraffe the telephone the old etc . 77 Names with and without the 1, iv IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH UNITS YOU NEED TO STUDY USE THE STUDY GUIDE ON PAGE 326 . 78 Names with and without the 2, 79 Singular and plural. 80 Noun noun a bus driver a headache , 81 s your sister s name and of the name of the book . Pronouns and determiners, 82 myself yourself themselves etc . 83 a friend of mine my own house on my own by myself. 84 there and it , 85 some and any, 86 no none any nothing nobody etc . 87 much many little few a lot plenty, 88 all all of most most of no none of etc . 89 both both of neither neither of either either of. 90 all every whole, 91 each and every,Relative clauses. 92 Relative clauses 1 clauses with who that which. 93 Relative clauses 2 clauses with and without who that which. 94 Relative clauses 3 whose whom where, 95 Relative clauses 4 extra information clauses 1 . 96 Relative clauses 5 extra information clauses 2 . 97 ing and ed clauses the woman talking to Tom the boy injured in the accident . Adjectives and adverbs, 98 Adjectives ending in ing and ed boring bored etc . 99 Adjectives a nice new house you look tired,100 Adjectives and adverbs 1 quick quickly . 101 Adjectives and adverbs 2 well fast late hard hardly . 102 so and such,103 enough and too,104 quite pretty rather and fairly. 105 Comparative 1 cheaper more expensive etc ,106 Comparative 2 much better any better etc . 107 Comparative 3 as as than , 108 Superlative the longest the most enjoyable etc . 109 Word order 1 verb object place and time,110 Word order 2 adverbs with the verb. 111 still any more yet already,112 even,Conjunctions and prepositions. 113 although though even though in spite of despite. 114 in case,115 unless as long as provided,116 as as I walked as I was etc . 117 like and as,118 like as if,119 during for while. 120 by and until by the time , IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH UNITS YOU NEED TO STUDY USE THE STUDY GUIDE ON PAGE 326 v. Prepositions, 121 at on in time , 122 on time and in time at the end and in the end. 123 in at on position 1, 124 in at on position 2, 125 in at on position 3. 126 to at in and into, 127 in on at other uses , 128 by. 129 Noun preposition reason for cause of etc , 130 Adjective preposition 1. 131 Adjective preposition 2, 132 Verb preposition 1 to and at. 133 Verb preposition 2 about for of after, 134 Verb preposition 3 about and of. 135 Verb preposition 4 of for from on, 136 Verb preposition 5 in into with to on. Phrasal verbs, 137 Phrasal verbs 1 Introduction, 138 Phrasal verbs 2 in out. 139 Phrasal verbs 3 out, 140 Phrasal verbs 4 on off 1 . 141 Phrasal verbs 5 on off 2 , 142 Phrasal verbs 6 up down. 143 Phrasal verbs 7 up 1 , 144 Phrasal verbs 8 up 2 . 145 Phrasal verbs 9 away back, Appendix 1 Regular and irregular verbs 292. Appendix 2 Present and past tenses 294, Appendix 3 The future 295. Appendix 4 Modal verbs can could will would etc 296. Appendix 5 Short forms I m you ve didn t etc 297, Appendix 6 Spelling 298. Appendix 7 American English 300, Additional exercises 302. Study guide 326, Key to Exercises 336, Key to Additional exercises 368. Key to Study guide 372, Index 373, vi IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH UNITS YOU NEED TO STUDY USE THE STUDY GUIDE ON PAGE 326 . Thanks, This is the fifth edition of English Grammar in Use I wrote the original edition when I was a teacher at the. Swan School of English Oxford I would like to repeat my thanks to my former colleagues and students at. the school for their help encouragement and interest at that time . Regarding the production of this fifth edition I would like to thank Rebecca Winthrop and Chris Capper . Design Illustrations,Q2A Media Services Pvt Ltd , vii. To the student, This book is for students who want help with English grammar It is written for you to use without. a teacher , The book will be useful for you if you are not sure of the answers to questions like these . What is the difference between I did and I have done . When do we use will for the future , What is the structure after I wish . When do we say used to do and when do we say used to doing . When do we use the , What is the difference between like and as . These and many other points of English grammar are explained in the book and there are exercises. on each point , Level, The book is intended mainly for intermediate students students who have already studied the basic. grammar of English It concentrates on those structures that intermediate students want to use but. that often cause difficulty Some advanced students who have problems with grammar will also find. the book useful , The book is not suitable for elementary learners . How the book is organised, There are 145 units in the book Each unit concentrates on a particular point of grammar Some. problems for example the present perfect or the use of the are covered in more than one unit For a. list of units see the Contents at the beginning of the book . Each unit consists of two facing pages On the left there are explanations and examples on the right. there are exercises At the back of the book there is an Answer Key for you to check your answers to. the exercises page 336 , There are also seven Appendices at the back of the book pages 292 301 These include irregular. verbs summaries of verb forms spelling and American English . Finally there is a detailed Index at the back of the book page 373 . How to use the book, The units are not in order of difficulty so it is not intended that you work through the book from. beginning to end Every learner has different problems and you should use this book to help you. with the grammar that you find difficult , It is suggested that you work in this way . Use the Contents and or Index to find which unit deals with the point you are interested in . If you are not sure which units you need to study use the Study guide on page 326 . Study the explanations and examples on the left hand page of the unit you have chosen . Do the exercises on the right hand page , Check your answers with the Key . If your answers are not correct study the left hand page again to see what went wrong . You can of course use the book simply as a reference book without doing the exercises . viii, Additional exercises, At the back of the book there are Additional exercises pages 302 325 These exercises bring together. some of the grammar points from a number of different units For example Exercise 16 brings together. grammar points from Units 26 36 You can use these exercises for extra practice after you have studied. and practised the grammar in the units concerned ,ebook. An ebook version of English Grammar in Use is also available to buy . ix, To the teacher, English Grammar in Use was written as a self study grammar book but teachers may also find it. useful as additional course material in cases where further work on grammar is necessary . The book will probably be most useful at middle and upper intermediate levels where all or. nearly all of the material will be relevant and can serve both as a basis for revision and as a means. for practising new structures It will also be useful for some more advanced students who have. problems with grammar and need a book for reference and practice The book is not intended to be. used by elementary learners , The units are organised in grammatical categories Present and past Articles and nouns Prepositions. etc They are not ordered according to level of difficulty so the book should not be worked through. from beginning to end It should be used selectively and flexibly in accordance with the grammar. syllabus being used and the difficulties students are having . The book can be used for immediate consolidation or for later revision or remedial work It might. be used by the whole class or by individual students needing extra help The left hand pages. explanations and examples are written for the student to use individually but they may of course. be used by the teacher as a source of ideas and information on which to base a lesson The student. then has the left hand page as a record of what has been taught and can refer to it in the future . The exercises can be done individually in class or as homework Alternatively and additionally . individual students can be directed to study certain units of the book by themselves if they have. particular difficulties not shared by other students in their class Don t forget the Additional exercises. at the back of the book see To the student , English Grammar in Use Fifth Edition. This is a new edition of English Grammar in Use The differences between this edition and the fourth. edition are , Much of the material has been revised or reorganised and in most units there are changes in the. examples explanations and exercises , The book has been redesigned with new updated illustrations . There is a new ebook available with all the contents of the book as well as audio access to a. dictionary and more , An edition of English Grammar in Use without the Key is also available Some teachers may prefer. to use this with their students ,x, ENGLISH,GRAMMAR. IN USE, Unit, 1 Present continuous I am doing , A Study this example situation . Sarah is in her car She is on her way to work , She s driving to work She is driving . This means she is driving now at the time of speaking . The action is not finished , am is are ing is the present continuous . I am I m driving, he she it is he s etc working, we you they are we re etc doing etc . B I am doing something I started doing it and I haven t finished I m in the middle of doing it . Please don t make so much noise I m trying to work not I try . Where s Mark He s having a shower not He has a shower . Let s go out now It isn t raining any more not It doesn t rain . How s your new job Are you enjoying it , What s all that noise What s going on or What s happening . Sometimes the action is not happening at the time of speaking For example . Steve is talking to a friend on the phone He says . I m reading a really good book at the moment , It s about a man who . Steve says I m reading but he is not reading the book at. the time of speaking , He means that he has started reading the book but has not. finished it yet He is in the middle of reading it . Some more examples , Kate wants to work in Italy so she s learning Italian . but perhaps she isn t learning Italian at the time of speaking . Some friends of mine are building their own house They hope to finish it next summer . C You can use the present continuous with today this week this year etc periods around now . a You re working hard today not You work hard today . b Yes I have a lot to do , The company I work for isn t doing so well this year . D We use the present continuous when we talk about a change that has started to happen We often use. these verbs in this way , getting becoming changing improving. starting beginning increasing rising falling growing. Is your English getting better not Does your English get better . The population of the world is increasing very fast not increases . At first I didn t like my job but I m starting to enjoy it now not I start . 2 Present continuous and present simple Units 3 4 Present tenses for the future Unit 19. Unit,Exercises 1, 1 1 What s happening in the pictures Choose from these verbs . cross hide scratch take tie wave, 1 2 3 4 5 6, 1 She s taking a picture 4 his head . 2 He a shoelace 5 behind a tree , 3 the road 6 to somebody . 1 2 The sentences on the right follow those on the left Which sentence goes with which . 1 Please don t make so much noise a I m getting hungry 1 f. 2 We need to leave soon b They re lying 2, 3 I don t have anywhere to live right now c It s starting to rain 3. 4 I need to eat something soon d They re trying to sell it 4. 5 They don t need their car any more e It s getting late 5. 6 Things are not so good at work f I m trying to work 6. 7 It isn t true what they say g I m staying with friends 7. 8 We re going to get wet h The company is losing money 8. 1 3 Write questions Use the present continuous , 1 What s all that noise What s happening what happen . 2 What s the matter why you cry , 3 Where s your mother she work today . 4 I haven t seen you for ages what you do these days . 5 Amy is a student what she study , 6 Who are those people what they do . 7 I heard you started a new job you enjoy it , 8 We re not in a hurry why you walk so fast . 1 4 Put the verb into the correct form positive I m doing etc or negative I m not doing etc . 1 Please don t make so much noise I m trying I try to work . 2 Let s go out now It isn t raining it rain any more . 3 You can turn off the radio I listen to it , 4 Kate phoned last night She s on holiday with friends She have . a great time and doesn t want to come back , 5 Andrew started evening classes recently He learn Japanese . 6 Paul and Sarah have had an argument and now they speak . to one another , 7 The situation is already very bad and now it get worse . 8 Tim work today He s taken the day off , 9 I look for Sophie Do you know where she is . 10 The washing machine has been repaired It work now . 11 They build a new hospital It will be finished next year . 12 Ben is a student but he s not very happy He enjoy his course . 13 The weather change Look at those clouds , I think it s going to rain . 14 Dan has been in the same job for a long time He start to get bored.