Report CopyRight/DMCA Form For : Betrayal Of The Australian People On An Unprecedented
Betrayal of the Australian People on an Unprecedented Scale as Australia Moves Away from Democracy How Successive Governments Have Deceived the People Usurped the Constitution amp Subverted Democracy for More than 20 Years Graham Williamson April 2014 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Previously it has been shown that the Agenda 21 ESD program is the most massive policy initiative in the history of
As part of this process successive governments have even sought to undermine the. voting and electoral system in various ways Since the right to vote which is considered. a fundamental human right includes the right to be fully and accurately informed this. right has been consistently violated by successive Australian governments as a result of. their consistent determination to keep the people misinformed. These various anti democratic mechanisms have enabled and fostered an allegiance. to a foreign agency the UN and a simultaneous betrayal of the Australian people. Experts reveal that these mechanisms are also systematically transforming the. system of government in Australia away from democracy and towards a dictatorship. The democratic rights of Australians are being progressively removed by successive. governments,The solution is up to the people,Introduction. Being a policy that has been implemented Australia wide by successive Commonwealth. governments State governments and local councils we know that the United Nations driven. Agenda 21 program is by far the most massive policy initiative in Australian history 1 2 3 4 We. also know that Agenda 21 is UN designed monitored and controlled and Australian politicians have. consistently chosen over a period of 20 years to avoid giving Australians any democratic choice. about implementation of this insidious pervasive foreign program 1 2 3 4 And we know that in. the decade following introduction of Agenda 21 Commonwealth government environmental. expenditure exploded going from 80 million in 1992 to 1 557 billion in 2002 This of course does. not include the incalculable amounts spent in total by State governments and local councils And. since Agenda 21 embraces cultural social and economic policies in addition to environmental. policies the true cost of Agenda 21 implementation is obviously many times greater. In spite of all this politicians generally display extreme sensitivity about any discussion of Agenda 21. 1 2 3 4 perhaps even pretending it is a conspiracy This refusal to discuss Agenda 21 is. remarkably endemic amongst politicians at all levels and in all parties 1 2 3 4 Although noting. Agenda 21 had gone way beyond environmental issues and become the world s greenprint for. change Gwydir Council admitted during their Committee Meeting on 20th Feb 2013 that Agenda. 21 had encouraged conspiracy theories about the real agenda But the Council pointed out that. Agenda 21 had for 21 years been very influential in developing public policies that directly impact. upon every level of government including regulations pertaining to ecologically sustainable. development As the Council pointed out, Many of the subsequent matters introduced to encourage a sustainable society such as the. carbon tax are the outcome of the Australian Government s attempt to introduce the objectives of. But how many people are aware that the carbon tax is simply part of the government s Agenda 21. campaign The complete failure of our elected representatives at all levels to make these facts. clear to the public especially during election campaigns is no doubt the single greatest reason that. the Agenda 21 program has created the perception that it is a conspiracy However when those. who have been involved in implementing Agenda 21 describe the program they have been. implementing as a conspiracy it is hardly surprising that they would be extremely reluctant to. discuss either the conspirators or their handiwork. It is clear that vital questions need to be answered. 1 How have Australian politicians managed to deceive the public and implement this. program so effectively for 20 years while consistently avoiding a democratic mandate. 2 Why have politicians in all parties and at all levels consistently refused to give. Australians a democratic choice regarding implementation of UN Agenda 21. 3 How much has been spent by all 3 levels of public administration on implementing this. foreign program in Australia and why haven t these costs been publicly announced. 4 What are the end goals of Agenda 21 and when will they be achieved. 5 Where are the estimates for projected final costs and studies confirming cost. effectiveness and value for money, 6 What steps will the government take to ensure increased political transparency and. accountability and ensure the public are better informed. 7 What proactive actions does the government intend to take to prevent future. interference in Australian politics from foreign agencies. This article will examine the roles of the 3 major players in this subversion of democracy namely. the United Nations successive Australian governments and the judiciary In doing so it is hoped that. the answer to at least some of the above questions will become much clearer And those questions. which remain unanswered will be placed firmly on the agenda. The United Nations Demands AG21 Compliance, From Strong Independent Nations to Fragile Interdependent Nations the UN. gets their way, Global Fragility the UN Agenda 21 the Earth Charter. In 1987 the United Nations published The Brundtland Report otherwise known as Our Common. Future 5 6 This report marked the beginning of the UN s campaign to create ecologically. sustainable development as a global issue which necessitated all countries surrendering control to. the UN with progressive weakening of nation states to produce global interdependence 5 6 7 8. These themes were further developed at the Earth Summit at Rio 9 where Agenda 21 was born. The importance of global interdependence rather than independent nation states was further. emphasised by the Earth Charter during its development from 1994 2000 The Earth Charter noted. that global interdependence would produce global fragility but according to the Charter. the future at once holds great peril and great promise as long as we form a global partnership. and the nations of the world must renew their commitment to the United Nations fulfill their. obligations under existing international agreements and support the implementation of Earth. Charter principles with an international legally binding instrument on environment and development. The Earth Charter like Agenda 21 was created to provide clear guidelines for the conduct of nations. and peoples regarding the environment and sustainable development When it comes to. sustainability according to Deweese if Agenda 21 is the blue print the Earth Charter is the. But the UN had announced that the era of strong independent nations must cease All nations must. become weak and unable to fend for themselves Global fragility and interdependence were the. keys to a UN controlled future, Agenda 21 Renamed as Ecologically Sustainable Development. Agenda 21 is based upon the undefinable concept of ecologically sustainable development and many. authorities prefer to avoid the term Agenda 21 and use instead terms such as sustainability. smart growth growth management local environmental plans or Sustainable Development. 21 or SD21 3 Some local authorities have also changed the name of Local Agenda 21 to Local. Climate Strategy 3 The United Nations Sustainable Cities program is yet another spin off of Local. Agenda 21 the UN Habitat agenda In fact Agenda 21 and ESD are one and the same thing 3. In December 1992 a few months after agreeing to Agenda 21 at Rio the Australian government. developed Australia s National Strategy for Ecologically Sustainable Development NSESD in order. to implement Agenda 21 in Australia According to the NSESD. A number of direction setting documents were signed at UNCED including the Rio Declaration and. Agenda 21 the Rio Declaration and Agenda 21 provide a broad framework for global sustainable. development, In September 1999 the Institute for Sustainable Futures issued the final report of their project Policy. Integration Ecologically Sustainable Development ESD and Local Agenda 21 Councils in NSW 3. In this report which was prepared for the NSW Department of Local Government Stella Whittaker. and colleagues noted that fear of the Agenda 21 label often resulted in the use of other. presumably less fearful names 3, ESD is called different things at different levels If ESD is mandated by the Federal Government the. group discussed whether it should be in the form of Local Agenda 21 Cities for Climate Protection or. a more general ESD framework There is fear from some councils of the LA21 label so councils should. adopt whichever definition or framework best suits their purpose at hand Whilst it is time consuming. for each council to invent its own definition of ESD there are benefits in that the community will feel. a greater sense of ownership of the concept, The evidence clearly confirms the fact that Australia s National Strategy for Ecologically Sustainable. Development is simply Australia s renamed and presumably less fearful version of Agenda 21. According to the OECD report Good practices in the National Sustainable Development Strategies. of OECD Countries 2006, Most OECD countries now have in place National Sustainable Development Strategies NSDS as. agreed as part of Agenda 21 signed at the United Nations Conference on Environment and. Development the Rio Earth Summit in 1992 Governments first agreed to prepare national. sustainable development strategies as part of Agenda 21 signed at the United Nations Conference. on Environment and Development the Rio Earth Summit in 1992 The purpose of these strategies. was to translate the Summit s ideas and commitments into concrete policies and actions. Governments agreed to adopt national strategies for sustainable development which should build. upon and harmonise the various sectoral economic social and environmental policies and plans that. are operating in the country Its goals should be to ensure socially responsible economic development. for the benefit of future generations, Similarly according to the OECD report The DAC Guidelines Strategies for Sustainable. Development, At the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio governments made a. commitment in Agenda 21 to adopt national strategies for sustainable development which should. build upon and harmonise the various sectoral economic social and environmental policies and. plans that are operating in the country Its goals should be to ensure socially responsible. economic development for the benefit of future generations The OECD s Shaping the 21st. Century strategy 1996 called for the formulation and implementation of a sustainable. development strategy in every country by 2005 This is one of the seven International Development. Goals IDGs agreed by the international community, The history of Agenda 21 and national sustainability programs is outlined by the UN in Guidance in. Preparing a National Sustainable Development Strategy Managing Sustainable Development in the. New Millenium Background Paper No 13, The 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development UNCED declared that. Governments in cooperation where appropriate with international organizations should adopt a. national strategy for sustainable development This strategy should build upon and harmonize the. various sectoral economic social and environmental policies and plans that are operating in the. Five years later in 1997 the Special Session of the UN General Assembly on the review of Agenda 21. reaffirmed that national sustainable development strategies are important mechanisms for. enhancing and linking priorities in social economic and environmental policies It called upon all. countries to complete by the year 2002 the formulation and elaboration of national sustainable. development strategies that reflect the contributions and responsibilities of all interested parties. More recently in September 2000 147 Heads of States and Governments signed the Millennium. Declaration and reaffirmed their support for the principles of sustainable development including. those set out in Agenda 21 and agreed upon at the United Nations Conference on Environment and. Development The associated Millennium Development Goals include one relating to environmental. sustainability to integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and. programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources. The Australian government s Defence Ecologically Sustainable Development Strategy further. underlines the fact that Australia s National Strategy for Ecologically Sustainable Development is in. reality simply a renamed rebadged version of the United Nations Agenda 21 program. The United Nations 1992 environmental summit in Rio de Janeiro developed Agenda 21 which sets. out a blueprint for sustainable activity across all areas of human activity The Council of Australian. Governments endorsed the National Strategy for Ecologically Sustainable Development NSESD to. illustrate Australia s commitment to ESD and implementation of Agenda 21 The NSESD has become. the benchmark for ESD in Australia, The NSESD finalised in 1992 outlines a broad strategic and policy framework under which Australian. governments at all levels will cooperatively make decisions and take actions to pursue ESD in key. industry sectors that rely on the use of natural resources Defence is required to respond to the. Government s ESD initiatives, As the UN points out in their paper Guidance in Preparing a National Sustainable Development. Strategy Managing Sustainable Development in the New Millenium Background Paper No 13. Agenda 21 promotes National Sustainable Development Strategies NSDSs as mechanisms for. translating a country s goals and aspiration of sustainable development into concrete policies and. actions The particular label applied to a national sustainable development strategy is not. important as long as the underlying principles characterizing a national sustainable development. strategy are adhered to and that economic social and environmental objectives are balanced and. integrated The political process involves ensuring the existence of a strong political commitment. from the top leadership as well as from local authorities of a country There must be effective. engagement and close involvement of the Ministry of Finance and Planning as well as the Council of. Ministers in the strategy development process right from the beginning. The UN had obviously issued very clear instructions about the implementation of AG21 ESD and the. Australian government obediently followed those instructions. UN Says AG21 Sustainability Must be Enforced in all Countries. The Agenda 21 document which describes itself as a blueprint for action in all areas relating to the. sustainable development of the planet clearly elaborates the goal to enforce. sustainability environmental law throughout the world. 8 13 Laws and regulations suited to country specific conditions are among the most important. instruments for transforming environment and development policies into action not only through. command and control methods but also as a normative framework for economic planning and. market instruments, 8 14 To effectively integrate environment and development in the policies and practices of each. country it is essential to develop and implement integrated enforceable and effective laws and. regulations that are based upon sound social ecological economic and scientific principles It is. equally critical to develop workable programmes to review and enforce compliance with the. laws regulations and standards that are adopted, 8 15 The enactment and enforcement of laws and regulations at the regional national. state provincial or local municipal level are also essential for the implementation of most. international agreements in the field of environment and development as illustrated by the frequent. treaty obligation to report on legislative measures. 8 18 Governments and legislators with the support where appropriate of competent international. organisations should establish judicial and administrative procedures for legal redress and remedy of. actions affecting environment and development that may be unlawful or infringe on rights under the. law and should provide access to individuals groups and organisations with a recognised legal. 39 2 The overall objective of the review and development of international environmental law. should be to evaluate and to promote the efficacy of that law and to promote the integration of. environment and development policies through effective international agreements or instruments. taking into account both universal principles and the particular and differentiated needs and. concerns of all countries,39 3 Specific objectives are. b To set priorities for future law making on sustainable development at the global regional or. subregional level with a view to enhancing the efficacy of international law in this field through in. particular the integration of environmental and developmental concerns. e To ensure the effective full and prompt implementation of legally binding instruments. and to facilitate timely review and adjustment of agreements or instruments by the parties. concerned taking into account the special needs and concerns of all countries in. particular developing countries, And Principles 7 8 11 13 of the Rio Declaration clearly state the United Nations instructions for. States shall co operate in a spirit of global partnership to conserve protect and restore the. health and integrity of the Earth s ecosystem To achieve sustainable development and a higher. quality of life for all people States should reduce and eliminate unsustainable patterns of production. and consumption and promote appropriate demographic policies States shall enact effective. environmental legislation Environmental standards management objectives and priorities should. reflect the environmental and development context to which they apply Standards applied by some. countries may be inappropriate and of unwarranted economic and social cost to other countries in. particular developing countries States shall also co operate in an expeditious and more. determined manner to develop further international law regarding liability and compensation for. adverse effects of environmental damage caused by activities within their jurisdiction or control to. areas beyond their jurisdiction, Further in Principle 12 the UN emphasises that nation states should surrender policy to what is. termed the international consensus, Environmental measures addressing transboundary or global environmental problems should as far. as possible be based on an international consensus. All Countries Required to Report AG21 Implementation to UN. The Agenda 21 document also lays out the UN s global implementation plans and emphasises that. countries around the world will be monitored by the UN Commission on Sustainable Development. CSD to check implementation progress In 2012 the CSD was replaced by the High level Political. Forum a move which was endorsed by the Australian government Agenda 21 stipulates that. countries will be required to send regular detailed reports to the UN in order to check compliance. with the requirements of the United Nations According to Agenda 21. 8 7 Governments in cooperation where appropriate with international organizations should adopt. a national strategy for sustainable development based on inter alia the implementation of decisions. taken at the Conference particularly in respect of Agenda 21. 8 21 Each country should develop integrated strategies to maximize compliance with its laws and. regulations relating to sustainable development with assistance from international organizations. and other countries as appropriate The strategies could include. a Enforceable effective laws regulations and standards that are based on sound economic social. and environmental principles and appropriate risk assessment incorporating sanctions designed to. punish violations obtain redress and deter future violations. b Mechanisms for promoting compliance, c Institutional capacity for collecting compliance data regularly reviewing compliance detecting. violations establishing enforcement priorities undertaking effective enforcement and conducting. periodic evaluations of the effectiveness of compliance and enforcement programmes. d Mechanisms for appropriate involvement of individuals and groups in the development and. enforcement of laws and regulations on environment and development. e National monitoring of legal follow up to interna ional instruments. 8 22 Contracting parties to international agreements in consultation with the appropriate. secretariats of relevant international conventions as appropriate should improve practices and. procedures for collecting information on legal and regulatory measures taken Contracting parties to. international agreements could undertake sample surveys of domestic follow up action subject to. agreement by the sovereign States concerned, 38 11 In order to ensure the effective follow up of the Conference as well as to enhance. international cooperation and rationalize the intergovernmental decision making capacity for the. integration of environment and development issues and to examine the progress in the. implementation of Agenda 21 at the national regional and international levels a high level. Commission on Sustainable Development should be established in accordance with Article 68 of the. Charter of the United Nations This Commission would report to the Economic and Social Council in. the context of the Council s role under the Charter vis vis the General Assembly It would consist of. representatives of States elected as members with due regard to equitable geographical distribution. The Commission on Sustainable Development should have the following functions. a To monitor progress in the implementation of Agenda 21 and activities related to the integration. of environmental and developmental goals throughout the United Nations system through analysis. and evaluation of reports from all relevant organs organizations programmes and institutions of the. United Nations system dealing with various issues of environment and development including those. related to finance, b To consider information provided by Governments including for example information in the form. of periodic communications or national reports regarding the activities they undertake to implement. Agenda 21 the problems they face such as problems related to financial resources and technology. transfer and other environment and development issues they find relevant. 38 36 States have an important role to play in the follow up of the Conference and the. implementation of Agenda 21 National level efforts should be undertaken by all countries in an. integrated manner so that both environment and development concerns can be dealt with in a. coherent manner, 38 37 Policy decisions and activities at the national level tailored to support and implement Agenda. 21 should be supported by the United Nations system upon request. 38 38 Furthermore States could consider the preparation of national reports In this context the. organs of the United Nations system should upon request assist countries in particular developing. countries Countries could also consider the preparation of national action plans for the. implementation of Agenda 21, 39 8 The parties to international agreements should consider procedures and mechanisms to. promote and review their effective full and prompt implementation To that effect States could. inter alia, a Establish efficient and practical reporting systems on the effective full and prompt implementation. of international legal instruments, b Consider appropriate ways in which relevant international bodies such as UNEP might contribute. towards the further development of such mechanisms. In fact according to the ICLEI Agenda 21 Implementation Survey of 1997 two essential criteria for. defining an Agenda 21 process include, It must establish a monitoring and reporting framework and. It must establish indicators to monitor progress, Agenda 21 is therefore a UN program which requires as one of its core features compulsory. reporting and monitoring to permit effective control by the UN. As I have pointed out elsewhere, Agenda 21 is a UN designed and monitored program Australia has been surrendering control to a. foreign power for 20 years as the Australian Government has been required to complete regular. extensive AG21 compliance or implementation reports for the United Nations Commission on. Sustainable Development or CSD, Countries Must be Prepared to Surrender Sovereignty to the UN. Since the global aspirations of the UN are clearly opposed to the concept of independent nation. states the sovereignty democracy and constitution of countries like Australia are regarded as a. frustrating nuisance a fact that is made clear by the Pocket Guide to Sustainable Development. Governance an official precursor document for Rio 20 9. The current governance of the global commons through the prism of national sovereignty remains. one of the most fundamental obstacles to progress Whilst global public goods that lie within. national boundaries continue to fall under the jurisdiction of the nation state it is likely that decisions. will be made on the basis of national interests rather than global concerns Nation states continue to. be often ideologically opposed to governance arrangements that involve ceding sovereign authority. over natural resources to a supranational institution making decisions in the global interest 5. especially when there is little short term incentive to do so This explains the absence of effective. compliance mechanisms and enforcement regimes for many global environmental agreements. UN Says AG21 Must be Embedded into Bureaucracy to Avoid Political Rejection. Of course it was commonly realised that widespread deception and covert action would be. necessary especially in democratic countries if there was to be any hope of success in the plan to. get all nations to surrender full control to the UN As a result one of the requirements of the UN was. that the ESD strategy must be continuous across different political parties and must not be. interrupted by change of government In other words it must be thoroughly embedded into policy. at the administrative or bureaucratic level as the UN pointed out in their document Guidance in. Preparing a National Sustainable Development Strategy. the strategy development process should also be backed by strong political commitment at. both the national and local levels and such commitment should be there on a continuous and. long term basis Ensure continuity of the strategy development process A national. strategy for sustainable development requires long term and uninterrupted effort. Mechanisms thus need to be put in place that would enable the strategy development to be. carried out as a continuous and cyclical process with broad national support regardless of. the political party in power The sustainable development strategy process should be. developed as a way of life Activities for the formulation and implementation of the. strategy should also be fully mainstreamed in development policy and day to day. functioning of government and other stakeholders, This instruction by the UN explains the mechanisms used by the Australian government. discussed below to avoid democratic scrutiny of Agenda 21 by using unconstitutional. intergovernmental agreements and embedding it in policy at the executive or bureaucratic. Countries too Slow to Surrender Full Control to the UN. But in spite of their extraordinary efforts to destroy democracy weaken nation states and produce. global fragility and the need for global governance the UN has recently complained in their report. UN System Task Team on the Post 2015 UN Development Agenda that countries are too slow. surrendering control to the UN, the transition to global sustainable development has not been successful yet increasing. interdependence among States has not been accompanied by sufficient adjustments in the global. governance regime A global governance regime under the auspices of the UN will have to. ensure that the global commons will be preserved for future generations In a more. interdependent world a more coherent transparent and representative global. governance regime will be critical to achieve sustainable development in all its dimensions. In other words although the UN has been successful in its plan to render nations fragile and. unable to fend for themselves nations nevertheless are still trying to continue to exist without. surrendering full control to an all powerful global administrator. How disappointing for the UN But how incredibly na ve and foolish or complicit have our elected. representatives been,The Australian Government, Successive Australian Governments State Governments Councils Rush to. Surrender Control to the UN, Australia Invites UN to Take Control Subvert Democracy. Since the UN was powerless in itself to enforce its dictates upon Australia it relied upon the naivety. or deliberate treachery of Australian politicians in order to realise its dreams The UN found many. willing anti Australian partners amongst democratically elected Australian politicians even though. the Commonwealth was hamstrung by a lack of environmental powers accorded by the Australian. Constitution As a result of this Constitutional deficiency the Commonwealth relied heavily upon. their ability to enforce international agreements through the external affairs powers of the. Constitution According to the Industry Commission Enquiry into Ecologically Sustainable Land. Management, Australia is a signatory to 56 multilateral treaties related to the environment These include. the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora 1 July. the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat. the Ramsar Convention 21 December 1975, Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage 17 December. the Convention on Biological Diversity 29 December 1993 and. the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 21 March 1994. These commit the Commonwealth to protecting Australia s environment in the interests of the global. environment Domestically many of Australia s obligations are reflected in 17 Commonwealth Acts. for example the Endangered Species Protection Act 1992 the Wildlife Protection Regulation of. Exports and Imports Act 1982 and the World Heritage Properties Conservation Act 1983. Australia is also a signatory to Agenda 21 the global action plan for sustainable development which. was adopted at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in June 1992. As a Federation of States the first task of Australian politicians was to enhance Commonwealth. environmental powers and draw the States together and somehow design a framework within which. the principles of AG21 ESD could be embedded while at the same time close democratic scrutiny. could be avoided As a first step in centralising environmental control a Commonwealth. Environment Protection Agency was proposed by Prime Minister Bob Hawke in 1990 10 At the. same time the State Premiers were becoming involved and during the Special Premiers Conference. held in Brisbane in September 1990 it was suggested that an Intergovernmental Agreement on the. Environment IGAE should be established to link the Commonwealth and the States 10 Although. a spirit of cooperative goodwill prevailed initially comments by Paul Keating first as Treasurer in the. Hawke government signalled an increasing dictatorial attitude by the Commonwealth. In order to emphasise the Commonwealth s determination to centralise environmental power in. Canberra then Environment Minister Ros Kelly announced in February 1991 that the. Commonwealth would go it alone if the States refused to co operate Sydney Morning Herald. 18 02 1991 cited by Fowler, In an effort to silence the criticism that she is pushing a soft option Ms Kelly has warned that a. unilateral assumption of power by the Federal government would occur if certain States proved. intransigent towards an upgraded cooperative approach. What followed was 2 decades of creeping centralism as the Commonwealth exerted. increasing power over the States, IGAE NSESD COAG are Created to Embed AG21 into Bureaucracy at all 3 Levels of. Government, A series of meetings followed as the Commonwealth and the Premiers resolved their differences. until the IGAE was finally endorsed by all parties in May 1992 10 Although the signatories to the. agreement included Prime Minister Keating all the State Premiers and the President of the. Australian Local Government Association ALGA none of the IGAE discussions were subject to. any public consultation or input 10 and therefore received strong criticism that it was developed. with no public involvement, Meanwhile at the Special Premiers Conference in July 1991 a Communique was issued announcing. far reaching but undemocratic discussions to radically reform intergovernmental relations This. resulted in the formation of the Council of Australian Governments COAG in May 1992 COAG is. comprised of the Prime Minister the State Premiers and the president of ALGA The role of COAG. was to assist in implementation of policies of national significance including international treaties. The role of COAG is to initiate develop and monitor the implementation of policy reforms that. are of national significance and which require cooperative action by Australian governments. for example health education and training Indigenous reform early childhood development. housing microeconomic reform climate change and energy water reform and natural disaste r. arrangements Issues may arise from among other things Ministerial Council deliberations. international treaties which affect the States and Territories or major initiatives of one. government particularly the Australian Government which impact on other governments or. require the cooperation of other governments, COAG though not officially established until May 1992 because of differences with the. Commonwealth actively participated in the development of ESD policy and development of the. IGAE as early as 1990 and according to Christie, Australia once led the world following the Council of Australian Governments COAG endorsement. of an innovative national environmental policy for sustainable development in December. 1992 From 1993 the COAG policy acted as the trigger for incorporating sustainable development. into new or amended environmental protection and planning legislation by the States Territories and. the Commonwealth, Having reached what Justice Brian Preston called a broad consensus between the Commonwealth. the States and Territories and local government as to the importance of implementing ecologically. sustainable development Australia then sent representatives to the United Nations Conference on. Environment and Development UNCED also known as the Earth Summit which was held in June. 1992 in Rio While our political representatives may well have reached a consensus they. specifically avoided seeking the democratic will of the people and they have continued to deny the. people a democratic say for more than 20 years, Preston notes the vital importance of the IGAE and the National Strategy for Ecologically Sustainable. Development National ESD Strategy for the implementation of AG21 ESD in Australia. The international instruments signed at UNCED by attending countries including Australia were. The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development. The Convention on Biological Diversity,The Framework Convention on Climate Change and. The Statement of Forest Principles, The documents enunciate the concept of ecologically sustainable development and recommend a. programme of action for the implementation of the concept at international national and local. In partial fulfilment of its promise entered into upon signing the various instruments at UNCED. Australia finalised the National Strategy for Ecologically Sustainable Development National ESD. Strategy The National ESD Strategy was launched in December 1992 and has been adopted by the. Commonwealth and each of the States and Territories in Australia The National ESD Strategy is a. form of intergovernmental agreement which records the public policy commitment of each of the. governments and their agencies to implement the measures agreed to in the Strategy It includes as. appendices a summary of the Intergovernmental Agreement on the Environment the Rio Declaration. on Environment and Development and a guide to Agenda 21 In a sense there has been an. incorporation of these national and international instruments as policies of each of the governments. of the Commonwealth and the States and Territories. As the Commonwealth government notes in their WSSD Assessment Report sustainability programs. were largely implemented at a bureaucratic level beyond democratic scrutiny and the whole. program was monitored by and driven by the UN Commission for Sustainable Development and the. Initially implementation of the Intergovernmental Agreement on the Environment the National. Strategy for Ecologically Sustainable Development and the National Greenhouse Response Strategy. were overseen by an intergovernmental committee of officials reporting to the Council of Australian. Governments This arrangement operated between 1994 and 1997 at which time that responsibility. was assumed by Ministerial Councils The Ministerial Councils comprise Ministers responsible for. similar portfolios in all Australian jurisdictions for example the then Australian and New Zealand. Environment and Conservation Council and the Agricultural and Resource Management Council of. Australia and New Zealand In meeting our international reporting obligations see below on. reporting to the Commission for Sustainable Development and to the Organisation for Economic. Cooperation and Development, The Commonwealth reiterates its allegiance to foreign organisations rather than the Australian. At the international level the department is responsible for reporting Australia s environmental. performance and progress towards sustainable development commitments to international agencies. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD. United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. In fact the strong leadership of the Commonwealth regarding ESD implementation not only. extended to foreign agencies and included all 3 levels of government and bureaucrats it also. included taking advice from NGO s such as the World Wide Fund for Nature Australian Conservation. Foundation and Greenpeace According to compliance data supplied by the Australian government. to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. A cooperative approach with strong leadership at the national level on environmental issues has. provided the cornerstone to Australia s policy development and program delivery since 1992 This. approach within the Government extends as well to non governmental organizations and community. groups In order to oversee the development of national strategies and policy issues concerning the. environment and ecologically sustainable development there is a range of mechanisms which. provide an administrative and Ministerial framework for advice and input Overall coordination is. effected through the Council of Australian Governments COAG relevant Ministerial Councils. including Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand ARMCANZ. Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council ANZECC Murray Darling Basin. Ministerial Council MDBC National Environment Protection Council NEPC and related working. groups reporting to these bodies, In addition the ICESD regularly consults with the following non governmental organizations World. Wide Fund for Nature Australian Conservation Foundation Greenpeace Australian Council for. Overseas Aid National Farmers Federation Business Council of Australia Minerals Council of. Australia Australian Council of Trade Unions Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission. National Environmental Law Association Environment Management Industry Association of Australia. Australian Association for Environmental Education Institute of Engineers Women and the. Environment Network Action for Solidarity Equality Environment and Development Youth NGO. Community Aid Abroad National Association of Forest Industries and Environs Australia formerly. the Municipal Conservation Association, Clearly although many unelected bodies special interest groups and foreign organisations were. invited by the Commonwealth to participate in AG21 ESD implementation Australian voters were. consistently denied any democratic choice,Keating Government Introduces AG21 to Parliament. On the 26th May 1993 Ros Kelly then Environment Minister in the Keating government introduced. Agenda 21 to Australia in Parliament even though there had been no democratic mandate and even. 20 years later most people are ignorant of AG21, Let me start by outlining the action we have already taken in Australia to give effect to the two. conventions and to agenda 21 Along with 153 other countries we signed the climate change. convention in Rio Although called a framework convention indicating that there is much left to. negotiate and agree the climate change convention represents the end of a phase of global consensus. building and education on the rationale and need for action on greenhouse gas emissions. The convention will enter into force and become legally binding on parties 90 days after it has been. ratified by 50 countries Australia ratified the convention in December 1992 and is one of 19 countries. so far to have done so Our expectation is that the convention will achieve the necessary 50. ratifications in 1994 Agenda 21 is a truly massive document 40 chapters covering matters as. diverse as poverty population technology transfer consumption patterns forests freshwater. pollution avoidance trans boundary air pollution and radioactive waste It is a blueprint or set of. guidelines not just for individual countries but importantly for the entire United Nations system as. well as for individuals and organisations of every size and type Australia contributed significantly to its. preparation and negotiations The recommendations of agenda 21 cover a wide range of issues. and responsibilities for implementation cutting across virtually every Commonwealth and State. government agency as well as local government and the non government sector My department. has the responsibility for the overall coordination of the domestic follow up of agenda 21 although. other agencies will have a more direct implementation task The General Assembly then looked at. agenda 21 as the principle action document from UNCED and identified a number of issues or. recommendations requiring immediate action It took action to establish a commission for sustainable. development as a senior body within the UN system The establishment of the commission was a. centrepiece of agenda 21 The commission has been formally established and will now meet annually. in June The main role of the commission will be to monitor the implementation of agenda 21. Countries are expected to provide reports on their own efforts and the operational agencies of the UN. system such as the UN development program the Food and Agriculture Organisation and the UN. environment program as well as organisations such as the World Bank will be reporting to the. commission on their own efforts to give effect to the recommendations of agenda 21 we will be. working within the Commission for Sustainable Development the UN environment program and the. global environment facility to ensure a rapid and effective uptake of the summit s priority. recommendations, Ros Kelly made the following vital points in the above address. Agenda 21 is a massive document or blueprint which will enable control of all. organisations and individuals within Australia and around the world. This control of Australians will be implemented undemocratically by the United Nations. especially through their division the Commission on Sustainable Development. The Commonwealth assumes full responsibility for controlling the national implementation. of Agenda 21 as required by the United Nations, Agenda 21 will be implemented under the 1992 Intergovernmental Agreement on the. Environment and the National Strategy for Ecologically Sustainable Development ESD. Agenda 21 was expected to be legally binding after ratification by 50 countries which was. expected to occur in 1994 verified by Senator Christabel Charmarette 16th March 1994. Subsequently Christine Gallus Liberal member for Hawker responded to Ros Kelly s address. In her speech today the Minister for the Environment Sport and Territories Mrs Kelly addressed. the responses the Government has taken to give effect to these two conventions and to agenda. 21 The Minister is confident that the Government can meet the obligations that agenda 21. places on Australia through the arrangements established under the 1992 intergovernmental. agreement on the environment By abolishing the cabinet committee on sustainable development. the Prime Minister Mr Keating has cast some doubt on the genuineness of his commitment to the. ESD process The Minister indicated that she believed Australia s only ESD strategy is already seen as. something of a model in implementing the recommendations of agenda 21 The Minister. mentions using the IGAE and ESD policy as mechanisms to implement agenda 21. As the government indicated on their web site in regard to implementation of Agenda 21 Australia. made a strong national response to the obligations imposed by the UN. Agenda 21 is an international framework agreement for pursuing global sustainable development. that was endorsed by national governments including the Australian Government at the 1992 Rio. Earth Summit Australia s commitment to Agenda 21 is reflected in a strong national response to. meet our obligations under this international agreement. But although all 3 levels of government in Australia were required to utilise vast resources to. compile AG21 compliance reports in an attempt to satisfy the UN this fact was consistently omitted. from political policies and election campaigns as the voters were kept very much in the dark 1 2 3. 4 In fact regular reports to the UN required input from the following Ministers and their. departments, Key National Sustainable Development Coordination Mechanism s Council s. Intergovernmental Committee on Ecologically Sustainable Development ICESD. ICESD is the peak officials level forum for coordination of ecologically sustainable development. related strategies and policies which effect Federal State and Territory and local government. jurisdictions The committee reports to the Council of Australian Governments Implementation of. strategies and policies is carried out by the relevant agency jurisdiction. 2a List of ministries and agencies involved, Australian Government Departments Prime Minister and Cabinet Environment Sport and Territories. Foreign Affairs and Trade Primary Industries and Energy. State Government Departments Premier s New South Wales Premier Cabinet Victoria Office of. the Cabinet Queensland Premier Cabinet Western Australia Premier and Cabinet South. Australia Premier and Cabinet Tasmania Chief Minister s Northern Territory Environment Land. and Planning Australian Capital Territory Australian Local Government Association. Unbeknown to most Australians the Australian government supported the UN in establishing the. CSD to monitor Australia s implementation of AG21 and in fact Australia proudly claims to have. been a member of the CSD since its inception, Australia supported the establishment of the UNCSD and has been a member of the commission. since its inception Australia s commitment to the principles of Agenda 21 are also reflected in the. appointment of an Ambassador for the Environment Australia has consistently supported an. expanded role for NGO participation throughout the UNCED process This commitment has been. reinforced by having NGO representatives on Australian delegations to all sessions of the CSD.