AERODROME MARKINGS

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AERODROME MARKINGS AIRPORTS STANDARD DIVISION DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL AVIATION MALAYSIA Guidance on reflective materials is given in the Aerodrome Design Manual Doc 91517 Part 4 Unpaved taxiways 1 8 An unpaved taxiway should be provided so far as practicable with the markings prescribed for paved taxiways 2 RUNWAY DESIGNATION MARKING Application 2 1 A runway designation marking shall

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This Airport Standard Directive is published and enforced by Director General of Civil. Aviation Malaysia under the provision of Section 24O Civil Aviation Act 1969 Act 3. Amendment 2006,Department of Civil Aviation Malaysia 2016. First published April 2016, Printed and distributed by Department of Civil Aviation Malaysia. Level 1 Block Podium B Lot 4G4 Precinct 4 Federal Government Administration Centre 62618 PUTRAJAYA. TABLE OF CONTENTS,INTRODUCTION iii,APPLICABILITY iii. AUTHORITY iv,1 General 1,2 Runway designation marking 2. 3 Runway centre line marking 4,4 Threshold marking 5.
5 Aiming point marking 8,6 Touchdown zone marking 10. 7 Runway side stripe 13,8 Taxiway centre line marking 13. 9 Runway turn pad marking 16,10 Runway holding position marking 17. 11 Intermediate holding position marking 21,12 VOR aerodrome checkpoint marking 21. 13 Aircraft stand marking 23,14 Apron safety lines 24.
15 Road holding position marking 25,16 Mandatory instruction marking 26. 17 Information marking 28,18 Deviations 29, APPENDIX 1 Mandotary instruction markings and information markings i. INTRODUCTION, This Airport Standards Directive contains specifications that prescribe the. marking that shall be provided at aerodrome, This Directive has been written in general terms Specific advice could be. obtained from the Authority at,Department of Civil Aviation.
Airport Standards Division,Level 1 Block Podium B 4G4 Precinct 4. No 27 Persiaran Perdana,Federal Government Administration Centre. 62618 Putrajaya,Phone 03 88714000,Fax 03 88714335, This Airport Standards Directive Directive is intended to serve guidance to. aerodrome operators pertaining to ICAO mandatory requirement on the. marking of aerodromes, The implementation of this Directive will ensure facilities equipments and. operational procedures at certified aerodromes are in compliance with. SARPS specified in Annex 14 to the Convention on International Civil. Aviation and to national standards and practices as defined under Airport. Standards Directives published by Director General of Civil Aviation. APPLICABILITY, The specification in this directive shall apply for aerodromes used for.
international operations in any state of Malaysia, The Authority is the Director General of Civil Aviation Malaysia under the. provision of Section 24O Civil Aviation Act 1969 Act 3. Interruption of runway markings, 1 1 At an intersection of two or more runways the markings of the. more important runway except for the runway sids stripe marking shall be. displayed and the markings of the other runway s shall be interrupted. The runway side stripe marking of the more important runway may be. either continued across the intersection or interrupted. 1 2 The order of importance of runways for the display of runway. markings should be as follows,1st precision approach runway. 2nd non precision approach runway and,3rd non instrument runway. 1 3 At an intersection of a runway and taxiway the markings of the. runway shall be displayed and the markings of the taxiway interrupted. except that runway side stripe markings may be interrupted. See 8 17 regarding the manner of connecting runway and taxiway centre. line markings,Colour and conspicuity,1 4 Runway markings shall be white.
It has been found that on runway surfaces of light colour the conspicuity. of white markings can be improved by outlining them in black. It is preferable that the risk of uneven friction characteristics on markings. be reduced in so far as practicable by the use of a suitable kind of paint. Markings may consist of solid areas or a series of longitudinal stripes. providing an effect equivalent to the solid areas, 1 5 Taxiway markings runway turn pad markings and aircraft stand. markings shall be yellow, 1 6 Apron safety lines shall be of a conspicuous colour which shall. contrast with that used for aircraft stand markings. 1 7 At aerodromes where operations take place at night pavement. markings should be made with reflective materials designed to enhance. the visibility of the markings, Guidance on reflective materials is given in the Aerodrome Design Manual. Doc 91517 Part 4,Unpaved taxiways, 1 8 An unpaved taxiway should be provided so far as practicable with. the markings prescribed for paved taxiways,2 RUNWAY DESIGNATION MARKING.
Application, 2 1 A runway designation marking shall be provided at the thresholds of. a paved runway, 2 2 A runway designation marking should be provided so far as. practicable at the thresholds of an unpaved runway. 2 3 A runway designation marking shall be located at a threshold as. shown in Figure 1 as appropriate, If the runway threshold is displaced from the extremity of the runway a. sign showing the designation of the runway may be provided for. aeroplanes taking off,Characteristics, 2 4 A runway designation marking shall consist of a two digit. number and on parallel runways shall be supplemented with a letter. On a single runway dual parallel runways and triple parallel runways the. two digit number shall be the whole number nearest the one tenth of the. magnetic North when viewed from the direction of approach On four or. more parallel runways one set of adjacent runways shall be numbered. to the nearest one tenth magnetic azimuth and the other set of. adjacent runways numbered to the next nearest one tenth of the. magnetic azimuth When the above rule would give a single digit number. it shall be preceded by a zero, Figure 1 Runway designation centre line and threshold markings.
2 5 In the case of parallel runways each runway designation number. shall be supplemented by a letter as follows in the order shown from left. to right when viewed from the direction of approach. for two parallel runways L R,for three parallel runways L C R. for four parallel runways L R L R,for five parallel runways L C R L R or L R L C. for six parallel runways L C R L C R, 2 6 The numbers and letters shall be in the form and proportion shown. in Figure 5 3 The dimensions shall be not less than those shown in Figure. 2 but where the numbers are incorporated in the threshold marking. larger dimensions shall be used in order to fill adequately the gap. between the stripes of the threshold marking,3 RUNWAY CENTRE LINE MARKING. Application, 3 1 A runway centre line marking shall be provided on a paved runway.
3 2 A runway centre line marking shall be located along the centre line. of the runway between the runway designation markings as shown in. Figure 1 except when interrupted in compliance with 1 1. Characteristics, 3 3 A runway centre line marking shall consist of a line of uniformly. spaced stripes and gaps The length of a stripe plus a gap shall be not less. than 50 m or more than 175 m The length of each stripe shall be at least. equal to the length of the gap or 30 m whichever is greater. 3 4 The width of the stripes shall be not less than. 0 90 m on precision approach category II and III runways. 0 45 m on non precision approach runways where the code. number is 3 or 4 and precision approach category runways and. 0 30 m on non precision approach runways where the code. number is 1 or 2 and on non instrument runways,4 THRESHOLD MARKING. Application, 4 1 A threshold marking shall be provided at the threshold of a. paved instrument runway and of a paved non instrument runway. where the code number is 3 or 4 and the runway is intended for use by. international commercial air transport, 4 2 A threshold marking should be provided at the threshold of a. paved non instrument runway where the code number is 3 or 4 and the. runway is intended for use by other than international commercial air. 4 3 A threshold marking should be provided so far as practicable at. the thresholds of an unpaved runway, The Aerodrome Design Manual Doc 91517 Part 4 shows a form of.
marking which has been found satisfactory for the marking of downward. slopes immediately before the threshold, 4 4 The stripes of the threshold marking shall commence 6 m from the. Figure 2 Form and proportions of numbers and letters for. runway designation marking,Characteristics, 4 5 A runway threshold marking shall consist of a pattern of. longitudinal stripes of uniform dimensions disposed symmetrically about. the centre line of a runway as shown in Figure 1 A and B for a runway. width of 45 m The number of stripes shall be in accordance with the. runway width as follows, except that on non precision approach and non instrument runways 45. m or greater in width they may be as shown in Figure 1 C. 4 6 The stripes shall extend laterally to within 3 m of the edge of a. runway or to a distance of 217 m on either side of a runway centre line. whichever results in the smaller lateral distance Where a runway. designation marking is placed within a threshold marking there shall be a. minimum of three stripes on each side of the centre line of the runway. Where a runway designation marking is placed above a threshold. marking the stripes shall be continued across the runway The stripes shall. be at least 30 m long and approximately 80 m wide with spacings of. approximately 80 m between them except that where the stripes are. continued across a runway a double spacing shall be used to separate. the two stripes nearest the centre line of the runway and in the case. where the designation marking is included within the threshold marking. this spacing shall be 22 5 m,Transverse stripe, 4 17 Where a threshold is displaced from the extremity of a runway or. where the extremity of a runway is not square with the runway centre line. a transverse stripe as shown in Figure 3 B should be added to the. threshold marking, 4 8 A transverse stripe shall be not less than 80 m wide.
4 9 Where a runway threshold is permanently displaced arrows. conforming to Figure 3 B shall be provided on the portion of the runway. before the displaced threshold, 4 10 When a runway threshold is temporarily displaced from the normal. position it shall be marked as shown in Figure 3 A or 3 B and all. markings prior to the displaced threshold shall be obscured except the. runway centre line marking which shall be converted to arrows. In the case where a threshold is temporarily displaced for only a short. period of time it has been found satisfactory to use markers in the form. and colour of a displaced threshold marking rather than attempting to. paint this marking on the runway, When the runway before a displaced threshold is unfit for the surface. movement of aircraft closed markings as described in 17 14 are to be. 5 AIMING POINT MARKING,Application, 5 1 An aiming point marking shall be provided at each approach end. of a paved instrument runway where the code number is 2 3 or 4. 5 2 An aiming point marking should be provided at each approach end. a a paved non instrument runway where the code number is 3 or. b a paved instrument runway where the code number is 1 when. additional conspicuity of the aiming point is desirable. Figure 3 Displace threshold markings, 5 3 The aiming point marking shall commence no closer to the. threshold than the distance indicated in the appropriate column of. Table 5 1 except that on a runway equipped with a visual approach. slope indicator system the beginning of the marking shall be coincident. with the visual approach slope origin, 5 4 An aiming point marking shall consist of two conspicuous stripes.
The dimensions of the stripes and the lateral spacing between their inner. sides shall be in accordance with the provisions of the appropriate. column of Table 5 1 Where a touchdown zone marking is provided the. lateral spacing between the markings shall be the same as that of the. touchdown zone marking,6 TOUCHDOWN ZONE MARKING,Application. 6 1 A touchdown zone marking shall be provided in the touchdown. zone of a paved precision approach runway where the code number is. 6 2 A touchdown zone marking should be provided in the touchdown. zone of a paved non precision approach or non instrument runway. where the code number is 3 or 4 and additional conspicuity of the. touchdown zone is desirable, Table 1 Location and dimensions of aiming point marking. Location and characteristics, 6 3 A touchdown zone marking shall consist of pairs of rectangular. markings symmetrically disposed about the runway centre line with the. number of such pairs related to the landing distance available and. where the marking is to be displayed at both the approach directions of a. runway the distance between the thresholds as follows. 6 4 A touchdown zone marking shall conform to either of the two. patterns shown in Figure 5 5 For the pattern shown in Figure 4 A the. markings shall be not less than 22 5 m long and 3 m wide For the pattern. shown in Figure 4 B each stripe of each marking shall be not less than. 22 5 m long and 8 m wide with a spacing of 15 m between adjacent. stripes The lateral spacing between the inner sides of the rectangles shall. be equal to that of the aiming point marking where provided Where an. aiming point marking is not provided the lateral spacing between the. inner sides of the rectangles shall correspond to the lateral spacing. specified for the aiming point marking in Table 1 1 columns 2 3 4 or 5. as appropriate The pairs of markings shall be provided at longitudinal. spacings of 150 m beginning from the threshold except that pairs of. touchdown zone markings coincident with or located within 50 m of an. aiming point marking shall be deleted from the pattern. 6 5 On a non precision approach runway where the code number is 2. an additional pair of touchdown zone marking stripes should be provided. 150 m beyond the beginning of the aiming point marking.

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